UI Testing: A Detailed Guide With Examples & Best Practices

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Automation testing software aids UI testing by automatically running predefined test cases, reducing manual effort. These tools are extremely helpful in testing software projects with complex and extensive functionalities—like an ecommerce website with more than 50,000 products. As we mentioned, the UI testing process will differ depending on the project’s scale and your team’s size. Below, we share the standard series of steps to conduct effective UI testing. Follow the process as is, or iterate based on your unique business needs and team structure.

  • Therefore, we could say that GUI testing is a subset of UI testing.
  • In the realm of software testing, GUI testing is an interesting and somewhat controversial topic.
  • Carlos is a .NET software developer with experience in both desktop and web development, and he’s now trying his hand at mobile.

Because a user doesn’t have any exposure to the specified application or the software, it is a user interface of the application that determines whether a user will use the application more or not. The primary goal of the GUI testing is to validate the features of the software, or the application performs as per the given requirement/specifications. GUI testing aims to ensure that the end-user gets a hassle-free experience. Since users are often unaware of the specific UIs, they focus on the design of the app, its colors, and whether it is easy to navigate.

User Interface Testing: A Vital Ingredient for Customer Satisfaction

Testers use tools to record mouse clicks, keyboard inputs, and other interactions as they navigate through the application. During replay, the tool executes the recorded scripts to verify that the application behaves as expected. This technique is useful for automated regression testing and saves time compared to manual repetition. There’s a good chance you’ve noticed this before—certain software applications seem to seamlessly fit into your workflow, while others appear to be constant obstacles. The difference often lies in the way the software interacts with you, a feature that is honed to perfection during GUI testing.

what is gui testing

The tool can then interact with these elements directly, no matter where they are on the screen. It can click buttons, type text, and check the state of these elements, making it more reliable and smarter in testing the application. When testing graphical user interfaces, there are a few main types you should know about. These types help make sure everything on the screen works correctly.

Slow UI Tests

Once you create the recording, are you able to rearrange test steps? Developers invest significant effort in crafting an application, yet for users, the intricacies of the development process often remain a mystery. What truly matters to them is encountering a flawlessly designed interface. You can check out this guide on Importance of UI Testing for more insights.

So, visual GUI testing is specifically designed to detect these types of issues and to ensure that the application is visually appealing and easy to use. However, it’s important to note that visual GUI testing is not a replacement for other types of software testing, such as unit testing, integration testing, and acceptance testing. It should be used in conjunction with these other testing methods to provide a comprehensive testing strategy. The execution of Graphical User interface testing is much needed as it ensures the application present looking and works equally in the different platforms and browsers. Consequently, GUI testing is very significant as it will ensure a considerable customer base and business value.

#2. Object Based Recording

It aims to mimic real user interactions and scenarios to verify that the application behaves as expected from start to finish. E2E UI testing typically covers the complete workflow, including UI interactions, data processing, communication with databases, and external services, and the presentation of results to the user. By employing these various GUI testing techniques, testers can ensure that the application’s user interface is reliable, user-friendly, and performs well under different conditions. The process starts with the creation of a model that represents the GUI’s workflow.

Absolute analog recording, on the other hand, records the exact positions on the screen. This method is more rigid because if the screen layout changes, the recorded actions might not play back correctly. Through this guide, we will learn how to use WebdriverIO, a next-gen test automation framework for Node.js. gui testing The realm of GUI Testing, like the broader world of technology, is far from static. It’s a continually evolving discipline, shaped by new tools and emerging trends. LambdaTest’s Real Device Testing for Mobile allows you to test your website on real Android and iOS devices directly from your browser.

GUI Testing on Real Desktop Devices

Regression UI testing focuses on verifying that recent code changes or updates to an application’s user interface (UI) have not introduced new defects or negatively impacted existing functionality. During regression UI testing, testers use previously created test cases or automated scripts to retest specific UI components, workflows, or features that have been affected by code changes. This helps identify any unintended side effects, broken functionalities, or UI elements that no longer behave as they should. UI testing, or User Interface testing, is a critical quality assurance process in software development. Its purpose is to meticulously assess the graphical user interface (GUI) of an application to guarantee that it functions correctly, appears visually appealing, and provides an intuitive user experience. CrossBrowserTesting allows testers to run automated and manual tests on numerous browsers and real devices.

Unleash Hotjar’s power to gain user insights and optimize your testing for maximum impact. The below test scenario is run on the LambdaTest platform that shows the importance of cross browser testing in UI testing. It is important to note that E-13 is automatically deselected since the application assumes that the people will want to sit together, and then F-22 will be selected. GUI testing and UI acceptance testing are similar since many UI testing components are used less often now.

GUI Testing Tools

By using these tools, we can easily detect the loopholes rather than implementing the GUI testing manually. We can observe that the importance of Shift Left testing is enchanting, making the GUI testing vulnerable. Despite everything, manual GUI testing can be a time taking and resource-intensive process.

what is gui testing

The goal is to validate the behavior and functionality of an application’s user interface (UI) under various data conditions. This method ensures that the UI can handle different inputs effectively, process data accurately, and produce the expected results. In data-driven UI testing, testers create reusable test scripts or test cases and feed them with diverse datasets. These datasets can encompass different data types, ranges, or boundary values to assess how the UI handles various inputs. In conclusion, this GUI Testing Tutorial has covered the essential aspects of testing a software’s graphical user interface.

Why do we need to perform GUI Testing?

Without these tools, testers would have to perform manual testing, which can be time-consuming, error-prone, and less effective. Automated GUI testing tools help verify that all user interface elements like buttons, menus, dialogs, and forms behave as expected. They also ensure that the application maintains its integrity across different environments, browsers, and devices.

what is gui testing

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